Pharmaceutical Analysis-I


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The PCI B.Pharm First semester Pharmaceutical Analysis-I Book is a comprehensive guide for students pursuing a Bachelor of Pharmacy degree in India. The book covers the fundamental principles of pharmaceutical analysis, including the methods and techniques used to analyze drugs and pharmaceuticals.

This Book provides students with a solid foundation in the principles of pharmaceutical analysis, preparing them for further studies in the field of pharmacy and a career in the pharmaceutical industry.

Authors: Dr. (Prof.) Vitthal Vishram Chopade & Prof. (Dr.) P.M. Patel

| As per approved syllabus of Pharmacy Council of India |

| Written by Experienced Authors |

| Fast & All India Delivery | 

ISBN No. - 978-93-87093-01-0

 B.Pharm., First Semester

According to the syllabus based on ‘Pharmacy Council of India’





Module-I                                                                                                              (10 Hours)

  • Pharmaceutical Analysis: Definition and scope

a)       Different techniques of analysis.

b)       Methods of expressing concentration.

c)       Primary and secondary standards.

d)       Preparation and standardization of various molar and normal solutions- Oxalic acid, sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric acid, sodium thiosulphate, sulphuric acid, potassium permanganate and ceric ammonium sulphate.

  • Errors: Sources of errors, types of errors, methods of minimizing errors, accuracy, precision and significant figures
  • Pharmacopoeia, Sources of impurities in medicinal agents, limit tests.


Module-II                                                                                                            (10 Hours)

  • Acid Base Titration: Theories of acid base indicators, classification of acid base titrations and theory involved in titrations of strong, weak, and very weak acids and bases, neutralization curves.
  • Non-Aqueous Titration: Solvents, acidimetry and alkalimetry titration and estimation of Sodium benzoate and Ephedrine HCl.


Module-III                                                                                                           (10 Hours)

  • Precipitation Titrations: Mohr’s method, Volhard’s, Modified Volhard’s, Fajans method, estimation of sodium chloride.
  • Complexometric Titration: Classification, metal ion indicators, masking and demasking reagents, estimation of Magnesium sulphate, and calcium gluconate.
  • Gravimetry: Principle and steps involved in gravimetric analysis. Purity of the precipitate: co-precipitation and post precipitation, Estimation of barium sulphate.
  • Diazotisation Titration: Basic Principles, methods and application.


Module-IV                                                                                                             (8 Hours)

  • Redox Titrations

a)       Concepts of oxidation and reduction.

b)       Types of redox titrations (Principles and applications).

  • Cerimetry, Iodimetry, Iodometry, Bromatometry, Dichrometry, Titration with potassium iodate.


Module-V                                                                                                               (7 Hours)

  • Electrochemical Methods of Analysis

a)       Conductometry: Introduction, Conductivity cell, Conductometric titrations, applications.

b)       Potentiometry: Electrochemical cell, construction and working of reference (Standard hydrogen, silver chloride electrode and calomel electrode) and indicator electrodes (metal electrodes and glass electrode), methods to determine end point of potentiometric titration and applications.

c)       Polarography: Principle, Ilkovic equation, construction and working of dropping mercury electrode and rotating platinum electrode, applications.

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