Pharmacognosy

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ISBN- 978-93-88280-10-5

AUTHORS- Prof(Dr.) S.K. Panda, Mr. Raj Kumar Tiwari

Syllabus

1.3 - PHARMACOGNOSY                                                                     Theory (75 Hours)

1)       Definition, history and scope of Pharmacogonosy including indigenous system of medicine.

2)       Various systems of classification of drugs and natural origin.

3)       Adulteration and drug evaluation; significance of pharmacopoeial standards.

4)       Brief outline of occurrence, distribution, outline of isolation, identification tests, therapeutic effects and pharmaceutical application of alkaloids, terpenoids, glycosides, volatile oils, tannins and resins.

5)       Occurrence, distribution, organoleptic evaluation, chemical constituents including tests wherever applicable and therapeutic efficacy of following categories of drugs.

i)         Laxatives: Aloes, Rhubarb, Castor oil, Ispaghula, Senna.

ii)       Cardiotonics: Digitalis, Arjuna.

iii)      Carminatives and G.I. Regulators: Umbelliferous fruits, Coriander, Fennel, Ajowan, Cardamom, Ginger, Black pepper, Asafoetida, Nutmeg, Cinnamon, Clove.

iv)     Astringents: Catecheu.

v)       Drugs Acting on Nervous System: Hyoscyamus, Belladonna, Aconite, Ashwagandha, Ephedra, Opium, Cannabis, Nux -vominca.

vi)     Antihypertensive: Rauwolfia.

vii)    Antitussives: Vasaka, Tolu balsam, Tulsi.

viii)     Antirheumatics: Guggal, Colchicum.

ix)        Antitumour: Vinca.

x)          Antileprotics: Chaulmoogra oil.

xi)        Antidiabetics: Pterocarpus, Gymnema sylvestro.

xii)       Diuretics: Gokhru, Punarnava.

xiii)     Antidysenterics: Ipecacuanha.

xiv)     Antiseptics and Disinfectants: Benzoin, Myrrh, Neem, Curcuma.

xv)      Antimalarials: Cinchona.

xvi)     Oxytocics: Ergot.

xvii)   Vitamins: Shark liver oil and Amla.

xviii)  Enzymes: Papaya, Diastase, Yeast.

xix)     Perfumers and Flavouring Agents: Peppermint oil, Lemon oil, Orange oil,        Lemon grass oil, Sandal wood.

 

Pharmaceutical Aids: Honey, Arachis oil, starch, kaolin, pectin, olive oil. Lanolin, Beeswax, Acacia, Tragacanth, Sodium Alginate, Agar, Guar gum, Gelatin.

 

Miscellaneous: Liquorice, Garlic, Picrorhiza, Dioscorea, Linseed, shatavari, shankhpushpi, pyrethrum, Tobacco.

 

Collection and preparation of crude drugs for the market as exemplified by Ergot, opium, Rauwalfia, Digitalis, senna.

 

Study of source, preparation and identification of fibres used in sutures and surgical dressings – cotton, silk, wool and regenerated fibres.

 

Gross anatomical studies of-senna, Datura, cinnamon, cinchona, fennel, clove, Ginger, Nux vomica and ipecacuanha.

PCI2018/D.Pharma(English)/1/03
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